The Osage County Historical Society Museum,
located at 700 North Lynn Avenue, Pawhuska, Oklahoma, has five main exhibit areas:
Boy Scouts, Western Life, Pioneer Life, Early Day Oil Industry and Indian Life.
The Boy Scout exhibit centers around the first Boy Scout Troop in the United States, which was founded in Pawhuska in 1909. The troop preceded the organization of the Boy Scouts of America and thus had a charter from the Boy Scouts of England. A statue of a Boy Scout in the uniform of 1909 is located in front of the museum.
The Western Life exhibit includes branding irons, replicas of brands, memorabilia and a real chuck wagon which was used on a ranch near Pawhuska.
Pioneer items featured are quilts, clothing, furniture, many old photographs and the Sexton's book of the Pawhuska Cemetery from the beginning to 1967.
The early day oil display represents early oil operations in Osage County and includes information on boom towns in the county and famous oilmen.
Osage and other tribes are recognized in the Indian Exhibit, which features clothing, beadwork, blankets, memorabilia and many photographs.
Other exhibits in the museum concern the historic 101 Ranch near Ponca City, Oklahoma and Ben Johnson; foreman of the Chapman-Barnard Ranch north of Pawhuska.
Also, there are displays of World War I and II uniforms and memorabilia. Several items of interest are located on the grounds of the museum.
Two rail cars north of the museum actually were used by Santa Fe between Kansas and Pawhuska. One is a cattle car and the second is a combination passenger, freight and mail car.
Also, a one room school house south of the museum has been completely restored and contains desks, chalkboards, etc.